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Subject:Gender for adjectives
Time:08:18 pm
I've studied Latin for a couple of years but for some reason I'm drawing a complete blank at this one. If I'm describing two people, one male, one female, then what gender adjective should I use? Neuter? Or is it just down to personal preference? Thanks!
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seasontoseason
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Time:2010-08-10 07:22 pm (UTC)
use masculine if you're referring to a group of people that is mixed gender
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knittedshadow
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Time:2010-08-10 07:52 pm (UTC)
Great, thank you so much for the quick response!
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goulo
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Time:2010-08-10 07:34 pm (UTC)
I suspect that every language with grammatical gender breaks ties in favor of masculine...


(But no sexism here! Nothing to see, move along... :)
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knittedshadow
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Time:2010-08-10 07:53 pm (UTC)
Ah well, at least it's nice and predictable. Thanks for the help!
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sollersuk
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Time:2010-08-10 07:59 pm (UTC)
Hey, gender is not sex. Many years ago I read an article in a French magazine about one of the "Terminator" films talking about Arnie, where because it started off referring to "la vedette" said "elle" about him throughout.
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seasontoseason
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Time:2010-08-10 09:08 pm (UTC)
too true.
just look at nauta, for example.
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ioanna_ioannina
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Time:2010-08-10 11:02 pm (UTC)
No, nauta is another case, its gender is masculine and its declination is -a-, the first. Declination does not indicate gender.

With adjectives, there are 3-form adjectives (all which belong to the first-and-second declination, eg. bonus, bona, bonum, and some of the third, eg. acer, acris, acre) which have a form for masculine, feminine, and neutrum; then there are 2-form adjectives (III. declination only, brevis, breve) which have a form for masculine+feminine, and neutrum; and finally 1-form adjectives of III. declination (celer) which have only one form for all 3 genders.

When you have mixed genders, it is like this:
frater meus et soror mea boni sunt. (when masculine is present, it prevails)
puellae atque animalia, quae videbamus... (when masculine is not present, you usually pick the nearest gender) ... quos videbamus (or , more rarely, you can use masculine)

Masculine gender is considered to be unsymptomatic (if this the term).
(Sorry for the English, I am not native speaker.)
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sollersuk
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Time:2010-08-10 07:57 pm (UTC)
Always masculine if of mixed gender, as with modern Romance languages.
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